Oriented structures in Lunigiana (Italy) - Lozère (France) and Teufelstein (Stiria - Austria)
Authors: Enrico Calzolari (President A.L.S.S.A.) and Davide Gori (Geological Consultant A.L.S.S.A.)

Many communication about an oriented structure in the promontory of Caprione (Oscan etymology from Kaprum) had been introduced in International Congresses (Third Annual Meeting E.A.A., 1997; XVI° Valcamonica Symposium, 1998; III° Congress of Archaeoastronomy ALSSA, 1999; “Preistoria e Musei in Europa”, 1999; OXFORD VI & SEAC 99 Conference “Astronomy and Cultural Diversity”, 1999; XVII° Valcamonica Symposium, 1999; Jenam 2000; INSAP III, 2001).
In the Congress “Cosmology Through Time” - Monteporzio Catone’s Observatory (Rome) it was announced by a poster that two similar oriented structures were observed in Lozère (France) during the summer solstice.
Similar elements have been discovered in Stiria by Sepp Rothwangl (’srock.htm).
We may now present some images of the megalithic structures in Châteauneuf de Randon - Château Vieux de Randon – Teufelstein:


Image 1 - Châteauneuf de Randon – The structure seen from SW. The central aperture is oriented to the sunrise at the summer solstice (08 June 2001 – 06 00 50 Summer Time – 05 00 50 Sun : h = - 0.7 ; Az = 56°). The aperture on the right side appears oriented to the equinoctial sunrise (90°). The inclined aperture on the left side has appeared oriented to the Full Moon at the moment of the summer solstice sunrise (08 June 2001 – 06 00 50 Summer Time - 05 00 50 – Moon - h = 12.8°- Az = 215.3° - Guide 7.0) .


Image 2 . Châteauneuf de Randon. The structure from NE.


Image 3 - Château Vieux de Randon. The structure from NW.


Image 4 - Château Vieux de Randon. A large cup-mark


Image 5 - Château Vieux de Randon. A circle of stones


Image 6 - Château Vieux de Randon – The square stone positioned in the trench aligned with the axis of the structure at 320° (compass datum). This trench may be oriented to the Cassiopeia set at the midnight of the 3000 B.C. Winter Solstice (December 21, 00 00 00 – Az = 319.1 – Guide 7.0). At the date December 25, 3117 B.C. we may observe not only Cassiopeia in the same position, but at the SW horizon at sunset, the conjunction of the Sun, Moon and Jupiter. These elements may have furnished the start of the calendar? This is a very interesting hypothesis for the archaeoastronomers.


Image 7-8 - Teufelstein – The oriented rock: “one of the flat vertical wall hands to that point on horizon, where at wintersolstice morning sun is rising, or more exact, where every about 18 years full moon on summer solstice is rising on evening” (Sepp Rothwangl). This prehistoric observatory is laying in the band of 45° means of Latitude (average 45.3°) where the North stars can be observed during the whole wobble of Earth’s axis, like: Caprione (Lunigiana – Italy, Latitude N 44.1°); Carnac (Morbihan – France, N 47°); Châteauneuf de Randon (Lozère – France, N 44.7°); Château Vieux de Randon (Lozère – France, N 44.7°); Rocca Cavour (Piedmont – Italy, N 44.5°); Teufelstein (Stiria – Austria, N 47°).