PALEO E ARCHEOASTRONOMIA:

 

Poster Session
INSAP III -The Inspiration of Astronomical Phenomena
Palermo, December 31, 2000 - January 6, 2001

 

The Generating-Constellation:
The Great Bear, Cassiopeia and the Butterfly.

In the Sas Concas eneolithic hypogeum (Oniferi, Nuoro), a necropolis with artificial grottoes (domus de janas) the ancient Sardinians engraved a cosmic representation placing four cupmarks on the left wall and the rudder on the right wall (Fig. 1); this sketch represents the Great Bear constellation as it appeared at the 2.700 B.C. winter's solstice midnight (software Guide 7.0 - Fig.2).
The dead and the birth (Fig. 3) the butterfly (Fig. 4), a shaman (?), the Gemini (?) and Cassiopeia constellations are represented also (Fig. 5). The cosmogony is strengthened outside this artificial grotto, with some cupmarks representing the Great Bear, the Cassiopeia and the Draco constellations (Fig. 6).
Similar elements are in the Northern Italy (Valcamonica, Foppe di Nadro, Rock n. 27, V° Millenium B.C. - E. Anati, Fig. 7) in the bottom of a pottery recovered near Statenice - Boemia (5.000 B.C. – M. Gimbutas, Fig. 8) and in the Southern Italy also (Passo di Corvo, Foggia) in a statuette with a double symbology characterized by a butterfly and the Cassiopeia constellation (5.500 B.C. - M. Gimbutas, Fig. 9).